Sleep apnea can affect anyone, even children. Men are more likely than women to have sleep apnea. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) can occur at any age, the risk increases as you get older. A family history of sleep apnea also increases the risk for the condition.
· overweight, 4 times greater risk of sleep apnea than those with normal weight
· being male, over 40 years old
· being older
· family history
· small airways in the noses, throats, or mouths are more likely to have sleep apnea
· allergy problems, nasal congestion
· use of alcohol, sedatives or tranquilizers
*Small children who have enlarged tonsil tissues are at risk for sleep apnea. Children who are overweight also be at risk for sleep apnea.
Untreated pediatric sleep apnea can lead to mood problems, hyperactivity, inattentiveness, poor school performances, angry and hostile behaviors. Children also have an increased risk of later cardiovascular diseases.
Pediatric OSA is usually and most effectively treated by surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids.